Rauscher was founded in 1899 in Vienna as a manufacturer and distributor of surgical dressing materials and articles for patient care. It did not take long for the company to become one of the leading suppliers of dressing materials and hygiene products in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

For many decades its economic success has been sustained by continuous expansion. In collaboration with its German sister company, Rauscher Consumer Deutschland, which is headquartered in Lößnitztal/Germany, its production and marketing activities have been expanding steadily.

In 1998, Rauscher, together with the company Lohmann, a German producer of medical devices, founded a joint venture company – Lohmann & Rauscher International GmbH & Co KG.